Canadian Medical Association

Last updated: Nov. 2, 2022

Landmark legislation is already protecting physicians and other health workers who are experiencing harassment and intimidation.

Since Bill C-3 took effect Jan. 16, 2022, the charge of intimidating a health worker has been laid against at least three people in Ontario.

A man and a woman were charged in Peterborough after alleged involvement in a protest outside the home of the city’s public health officer. The Canadian Press has also reported on a Windsor man charged in relation to threatening phone calls made to an Ottawa family doctor,

The charges follow escalating harassment reported throughout the COVID-19 pandemic, which has left physicians and other health care workers burned out, exhausted and demoralized.

Last year, protesters across Canada gathered outside hospitals to decry public health measures such as proof-of-vaccination mandates. And tactics targeting physicians — both in person and online — have included misogynistic and racist bullying, stalking, even death threats.

Dr. Don Klassen, a family physician in rural Manitoba, says it’s the worst treatment of health care workers he’s seen in 40 years of practice. “[It’s] the first time I’ve had it suggested to me that somebody would put a gun to my head,” he told the Winnipeg Free Press.

In November 2021, the CMA called for urgent federal legislation to protect workers from such bullying and harassment. The result was Bill C-3 — An Act to amend the Criminal Code and the Canada Labour Code.

“What we need right now is not the ignorance and hate of a small minority, but the kindness, patience and goodwill that most Canadians continue to demonstrate.”
— Dr. Katharine Smart, CMA past president

How common is it for physicians to experience harassment?

The results from the CMA’s 2021 National Physician Health Survey found that eight in 10 physicians — you read that right — have experienced intimidation, bullying, harassment and/or microaggressions in the workplace at some point in their careers.

Four in 10 physicians reported that these experiences happen “frequently” or “often,” with women significantly more likely to say they happen at least once a week.

And abuse follows doctors beyond the physical workplace. According to a recent survey published by JAMA Internal Medicine, nearly one-quarter of respondents reported being personally attacked on social media in 2019. Here, too, a disproportionate number of women reported being targets of harassment. 

For all targets, the impact was significant: those who experienced consistent harassment reported emotional distress and fear.

Photo of physician leaning on a wall

Weren't there already anti-bullying laws?                     

Physicians are protected by the same legislation as everyone else, meaning they can report harassment, intimidation and threats to the police. But some doctors argued a bigger shield was needed. As Toronto physician Dr. Naheed Dosani told CBC News:

“When our governments make policy choices that don’t stand with the science and health workers, they leave us vulnerable with no cover, with targets on our backs. It’s like the Wild, Wild West out here — we are on our own.”

What was the CMA’s case for Bill C-3?

Violence and abuse against health care workers didn’t start with the pandemic. In 2015, the CMA General Council passed a resolution calling on the federal government to make it “a specific criminal offence to assault health care providers performing their duties.”

But the recent escalation of threats levelled against health care workers, the same people who are caring for the public in the midst of the crisis, has underscored the need for immediate action.

In a parliamentary submission addressed to federal Justice Minister David Lametti on Nov. 16, Dr. Smart explained:

“The very individuals who have endured difficult personal sacrifices to deliver care for Canadians, in some cases risking their lives for patients, are now enduring threats online and in health care settings as they seek to continue to care for patients and advocate for public health measures. I have personally received such threats.

Every health care worker has a right to a safe and healthy work environment; yet, too many of my colleagues have been threatened and now fear for their safety.”

How is Bill C-3 making a difference for physicians? 

This bill outlines enhanced protections for health care workers under Canada’s Criminal Code including two new offences:

  1. It is illegal to use fear to stop a health care worker or those who assist them from performing their duties, or to prevent a person from obtaining health services.
  2. It is illegal to obstruct any person from accessing health facilities.

Those convicted of these offences could face up to 10 years in prison. The legislation also states that offences targeting health workers can be used as aggravating factors during sentencing.

What else can be done to protect health care workers from harassment?

There has been a wave of support for targets of aggression on social media. When the owner of a right-wing media outlet offered a “$5,000 bounty” for any video footage of Dr. Dosani breaking COVID-19 protocols, Twitter exploded with #IStandWithDrDosani posts.

Too often, though, what’s missing is equally strong support from social media platforms themselves. Although some aggressive posts have been removed, there are calls for expanded action from companies like Twitter to protect the health advocates and experts providing vital expertise — for free — to their users.

If you are a physician who needs support, the CMA has resources to help through the Physician Wellness Hub. The 24/7 Wellness Support Line is also available for physicians, medical learners and their immediate families.

The Wellness Support Line was sunset on Nov. 30, 2022.

Questions or Comments?

Contact CMA News
Back to top